Comparability of demise charges related to COVID-19 versus influenza throughout fall-winter 2022-23

Comparison of death rates associated with COVID-19 versus influenza during fall-winter 2022-23

In a latest research revealed in GLASS journal, researchers in contrast mortality charges related to coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) with these of seasonal influenza in the course of the fall-winter 2022–2023 interval.

Examine: Danger of demise in sufferers hospitalized for COVID-19 versus seasonal influenza in Fall-Winter 2022-2023. Picture credit score: CROCOTHERY/


In the course of the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic, mortality charges related to extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections are believed to be 5 instances increased than seasonal influenza infections.

Nonetheless, the fast improvement of vaccines for COVID-19 and numerous therapies, together with antivirals and monoclonal antibodies, have considerably diminished the variety of deaths because of SARS-CoV-2 infections.

As well as, medical care services and population-level immunity to SARS-CoV-2 have additionally improved, which has diminished the variety of deaths because of COVID-19.

These adjustments might even have affected mortality charges related to the seasonal influenza virus.

Concerning the research

The researchers used america Division of Veterans Affairs’ digital well being databases to enroll research members.

Individuals had at the least one hospital admission file between October 2020 and January 2023, two days earlier than and ten days after a optimistic check for influenza or SARS-CoV-2 together with a analysis of influenza or COVID-19 on admission. People with each infections have been excluded.

Individuals have been adopted for 30 days after hospitalization, till the primary occasion of demise or till March 2, 2023 on the newest. Absolute standardized variations have been used to investigate baseline traits of all members.

Inverse likelihood weighted Cox survival fashions have been used to check mortality threat between sufferers hospitalized with influenza and COVID-19.

Propensity scores have been calculated when accounting for covariates. Absolute threat was additionally calculated primarily based on the distinction in 30-day mortality charges between COVID-10 and influenza as the proportion of extra deaths.

As well as, hazard analyzes have been carried out for subgroups primarily based on age, vaccination standing for COVID-19, severity of SARS-CoV-2 an infection, and outpatient therapy with antiviral medication in opposition to COVID-19 previous to hospitalization.


The outcomes confirmed that the mortality charge related to COVID-19 among the many veteran inhabitants in the course of the fall-winter 2022-2023 interval continued to be increased than that of seasonal influenza infections.

In the course of the research interval, there have been 8,996 hospital admissions because of COVID-19, together with 538 deaths, whereas there have been 76 deaths amongst 2,403 sufferers hospitalized for seasonal influenza.

At 30 days, the mortality charges for SARS-CoV-2 an infection and seasonal influenza have been 5.97% and three.75%, respectively, with a further mortality charge of two.23%.

Subgroup evaluation revealed that vaccination in opposition to COVID-19 was related to a diminished mortality charge, however the different components within the subgroup evaluation, corresponding to age and outpatient antiviral remedy, didn’t have an effect on mortality charges.

Though mortality charges related to COVID-19 proceed to be increased than seasonal influenza mortality charges, it must be famous that mortality charges for extreme SARS-CoV-2 infections requiring hospitalization had declined considerably since 2020 (when mortality charges have been between 17% and 21%). Seasonal flu mortality charges have remained comparatively steady since 2020 (3.8% vs. 3.7% in 2023).

Researchers imagine that the decline within the demise charge for COVID-19 might be because of a number of components. These embrace the emergence of recent SARS-CoV-2 variants with decrease virulence, elevated immunity from a number of doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and infections, and important enchancment in medical care.

The distinction in mortality charges between unvaccinated people and vaccinated or boosted people underscores the significance of COVID-19 vaccines in decreasing the severity and mortality related to COVID-19.

One of many limitations of the research is that the research inhabitants consisted of predominantly older male veterans, making it tough to generalize the findings to the bigger inhabitants.


General, the findings confirmed that demise charges from COVID-19 had declined considerably for the reason that begin of the pandemic. Nonetheless, deaths stay increased than these because of seasonal flu.

Nonetheless, major and booster vaccines have considerably diminished mortality charges from COVID-19, highlighting the protecting results of vaccines.

Written by

Dr. Chinda Siddarthan

Chinta Sidharthan is a author primarily based in Bangalore, India. Her educational background is in evolutionary biology and genetics and he or she has in depth expertise in scientific analysis, instructing, science writing and herpetology. Chinta holds a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the Indian Institute of Science and is obsessed with science training, writing, animals, wildlife and conservation. For her PhD analysis, she investigated the origin and diversification of mole snakes in India, as a part of which she did in depth fieldwork within the jungles of southern India. She has obtained the Canadian Governor Normal’s Bronze Medal and the Bangalore College Gold Medal for tutorial excellence and has revealed her analysis in excessive impression journals.


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